My Next Goals…


    We are about to finish our T.K.T. preparation course, I still remember the first day of classes when I thought ¨I will not be able to finish it because is too much information for me¨ and I was not sure if the T.K.T course was really what I wanted, sincerely.

    But now it´s totally different because I am convinced that it was the best choice I ever made,  it´s amazing how many things I have learned, the tools, approaches ,everything  I am going to apply in my future classes as an English teacher . So my next goal is, of course, to present   my T.K.T exam in January, when I pass it I am looking for a job as an English teacher I hope to have good luck but, I specially hope to convey to my students what I have learned as my teacher Ellen made with me.

    To sum up it was extraordinary for me and I have to mention how happy and fun I spend this time with all of my classmates, thank you everybody and  I hope to keep in touch with you.




     Throughout my live as student I have witnessed some many back talk from my classmates or why not I have taken part in someone perhaps without realizing what we are doing because I consider it is disrespectful for the person in front of you who is trying to share something important with you, but in the other hand some teachers sometimes think we are talking just for annoying them or we are talking about them when the reality is that it is not true.

     I remember when I was in 4o grade in the Language Department (UMSNH), one of my classmates commented to the teacher that She haven’t understood the difference between “In time” and “On time” the teacher’s reaction was totally out of line she was furious! her answer was that my classmate was only asking that because she wanted to annoy her because she had already explained, all of us was astonished because it was just a doubt and not matter if you or she had explained that or not, you must be respectful with everyone if you want the same for you.

     The answer for me would have been: If you want at the end of the class I can recommend you some books or sites on the internet where you can practice and read more about this.
Discipline doesn’t have to be like in the past when some teachers for shows us that they had the control they exposed students in front of the group with things like dunce, discipline for me is show you with security but not with authority.

    I think the teachers should avoid having an argument with learners because sometimes it is their aim, so we have to manage for solving it without being involved.As the Author Dr. Fred Jones, in his synopsis of the book Tools for Teaching, says “Opening your mouth is like throwing gasoline on a fire”, some back talk are from students who are pretending to mark their territory, so be careful and do not taking it personal, remember to be professional or in other words shut your mouth and think before you speak.

    We must consider if it is a good idea to take part in the back talk or just ignore it and take the learner(s) to another place in the classroom without saying anything because it could be students realize that they are being observed but not in the way they are pretending

    Always is better to solve the problem personally before sending students to the principal’s office or worse if the students are spelled from the school.

    Finally, we should try to understand that there are some many situations behind back talk some of them could be in fact with students health problems like attention deficit disorder or maybe just your class is not motivating enough, so the best way in which you could know what is happening it is talking with the participants in the back talk alone, and not confronting them in front of the class, at the end you will know if it just because they are teenagers or children and it is absolutely normal at that age or there is something more that needs to be addresses or punished.


What is it?

Bloom’s Taxonomy was created in 1956 under the leadership of educational psychologist Dr Benjamin Bloom in order to promote higher forms of thinking in education, such as analyzing and evaluating concepts, processes, procedures, and principles, rather than just remembering facts.

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Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy

Lorin Anderson, a former student of Bloom, and David Krathwohl revisited the cognitive domain in the mid-nineties and made some changes, with perhaps the three most prominent ones being (Anderson, Krathwohl, Airasian, Cruikshank, Mayer, Pintrich, Raths, Wittrock, 2000):

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As children move from elementary to middle to high school, the ability to think in more than one way becomes more and more important. As children move up in grade level, teachers ask them to do more and more things with the information that is stored in their brains.

These kinds of thinking require what is called “Higher Order Thinking” or “HOT” for short. Some or all of these kinds of Higher Order Thinking may be easy for some students, but difficult for others.

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Quick Facts About HOT

  • No one thinks perfectly or poorly all the time.
  • Memorizing something is not the same as thinking about it.
  • You can memorize something without understanding it.
  • Thinking is done in both words and pictures.
  • There are three main types of intelligence and thinking: analytical, creative and practical.
  • All three intelligences and ways of thinking are useful in our everyday lives.
  • You can improve your thinking skills by understanding the processes involved in thinking.
  • Meta cognition-thinking about thinking-is part of higher order thinking.

My coursebook is NEW INTERCHANGE 1, teenage learners; I planned this activity for unit 7, past tense, and I classified my lesson according with Bloom´s Taxonomy as follows:

 Activity Name:



  • To review past tenses
  • To listen for specific information
  • To retell a story
  • To read and compare stories
  • To write about a photograph o postcard.


Teenage Learners


50 minutes


Photos, Postcards.

Listening track


This activity is designed to encourage learners to develop their HOTS to speak about images. The main focus in this lesson is to practice simple past tense in the context of the story behind a photo o postcard.


Remember: Show learners the photograph or postcard and ask them what they think about that day or what place it shows.

Understanding:  Give learners a list of expressions from the audio and ask them to guess if these will be places they visit or activities they doing, or things specific to that day. Students write the phrases under the headings.



I was traveling to Egypt.

My Hawaiian vacation

Alaska is terrific


We went to the desert.

I spent my vacation at a spa; I exercised, did yoga, and ate vegetarian food.

We hiked for ten days.

We took rafts to the Arctic Ocean


I arrived in Egypt two weeks ago.

I was with a group from the University.

I was just on a trip in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

There were six people on the trip.

I saw a lot of wildlife.

Applying:  Listening. Learners listen and check their answers.  Listening the recording a second time. Ask learners to put the phrases in the same order as in the recording.

Analyzing:  Working with a partner, learners try to rewrite the story as told by people in the listening track. They can simplify. When they have finished, I will put all the stories on the board for everyone to read. Learners decide which of the stories is most similar to the original. Listening the recording again for compare.

Evaluating: Ask learners to choose a photograph showing a place for visit or people during their vacation. Tell learners to make two lists of things under the headings PLACES and ACTIVITIES for the picture they have chosen using their own ideas about the photo. This activity can be done in pairs or small groups.

Creating: Using their lists to help them, learners write a short story about their last vacation or an interesting place you visited recently.




Personal Learning

Learning is a complex process, we are learning every day and we learn in different ways I share with you my result from this page,  I found it in my TKT course book in page 77 Discovery activities, and I would like to recommend you this site was very helpful for me because I understood the way I learn and I explain to you in my prezi  which is a tool I’ll use it forever.

Language skills: Reading, writing, listening and speaking.

We can choose several Lead-in activities: brainstorming, graded readers, jumbled pictures stories, pre-listening tasks and drills, for encourage learners to develop the language skills and give them an introduction to the topic or skill we are going to be working on focusing on key vocabulary, so they can feel confidence and predict the content of the class at the same time they will be activating their knowledge of the world in relation to the topic.

I would like to recommend this page that I found it very helpful for listening practice and pronunciation too, because as we know English is spoken in many countries around the world, but the English spoken may be slightly different in each country or in different parts of one country, in this page you can listen the different accents around the world through the recordings made by native speakers from Europe, America, Africa, etc.

Finally I am sure that I am going to use RUBRIC for grading my students and this is an example for assess Grammar:


Letter-Writing : GRAMMAR


Student Name:     ________________________________________

Grammar & spelling (conventions)
Writer makes no errors in grammar or spelling.
Writer makes 1-2 errors in grammar and/or spelling.
Writer makes 3-4 errors in grammar and/or spelling
Writer makes more than 4 errors in grammar and/or spelling.
Ideas were expressed in a clear and organized fashion. It was easy to figure out what the letter was about.
Ideas were expressed in a pretty clear manner, but the organization could have been better.
Ideas were somewhat organized, but were not very clear. It took more than one reading to figure out what the letter was about.
The letter seemed to be a collection of unrelated sentences. It was very difficult to figure out what the letter was about.
Complies with all the requirements for a friendly letter.
Complies with almost all the requirements for a friendly letter.
Complies with several of the requirements for a friendly letter.
Complies with less than 75% of the requirements for a friendly letter.
Content Accuracy
The letter contains at least 5 accurate facts about the topic.
The letter contains 3-4 accurate facts about the topic.
The letter contains 1-2 accurate facts about the topic.
The letter contains no accurate facts about the topic.



Hi! everyone I let you an excellent link I set up for helping me and you to learn the words in the glossary in an easy funny way!, but that is also a good aid that you can use for teaching your learners new vocabulary specially if you want trying something different not only after the traditional method in which students copy things from the blackboard and memorize them.

In this site you or your learners will find a variety of sections for playing and learning with, such as, flashcards, learn where you have to read the answers´definition and put the correct word ,in the speller you replay the audio and type what you heard at the same time you can see the words´definition, you can also test you in the test section, in scatter drag corresponding items onto each other to make them disappear and finally race you have to destroy the scrolling words by typing in their corresponding term and pressing enter.

I invite you to try each of the games and share your opinion if this was helpful or not?

Finally mi reflection about how to teach or how to learn vocabulary is that it has to be bit by bit and it takes a long time to fully understand and use a word, so we need to meet the same word again and again as we advance in our language learning, meanwhile there is some activities that give us more practice such as the link I recommended you.


Grammar is believed to be boring and not easily to learn and I think it could be both so it depends on the context that you are or learn, but in the same way it is known necessary and essential if you want to read,write,listen and speak,you need to develop accuracy in form and use.

If you are a student, no matter what language, you have to learn grammar and most of the time students think that grammar is really boring because most of the teachers only teach rules and rules and they do not say how to communicate ,which is the main purpose of language.

As a teacher you need to improve your learners to take an active role and it could be in a funny way, so you do not have to be boring, explain them the benefits, the uses ,needs and the most important why they need to learn it not only memorize it, so it is really important that you try to be always up to date and look for help in books,videos,on the internet or other material.

To sum up we need to learn grammar but it does not mean it have to be boring, so as a teacher you can help your students learn a language in a funny and easy way.